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What are Stablecoins

What are Stablecoins & How do they Work?

In this article, we will discuss what stablecoins are and how they work. We will also look at the different types of stablecoins available, the benefits of using stablecoins, and the most popular. 

Stablecoins are a type of cryptocurrency that is designed to minimize volatility and maintain a stable value. These digital assets are backed by traditional assets such as fiat currency, gold, or other assets, and they provide users with a secure way to store and transfer money.

What are Stablecoins?

Stablecoins are a type of digital currency that are pegged to another fiat currency, like the U.S dollar. This means that the value of a stablecoin is always stable relative to the value of the fiat currency it’s pegged to.

Cryptocurrencies can offer lucrative returns on investment, but they are highly volatile. In a theatrical crypto world, stablecoins are incredibly boring in price action. With stablecoins, you can ensure that your crypto investments remain stable and benefit from the features of the blockchain, for example, transparency, decentralization, and cost-efficiency.

Stablecoins can be used to make purchases, transfer funds, and settle trades between different cryptocurrency exchanges. They are also used as a way to hedge against the risk of market volatility.

How do Stablecoins Work?

Stablecoins are issued by a central authority, such as the Federal Reserve, or by a cryptocurrency exchange. Once issued, the coin is backed by the value of the underlying fiat currency. This means that the coin’s value is always equal to the value of the fiat currency it is pegged to. This provides stability and security to those who use stablecoins.

The process of issuing a stablecoin typically involves two parties: the issuer, who issues the stablecoin, and the custodian, who holds the underlying asset and is responsible for ensuring its value. The issuer will issue the coin, which is typically a digital token, and the custodian will hold the underlying asset (usually a basket of fiat currencies or other assets).

Once issued, the stablecoin can be used for payments, transfers, and trades between different exchanges. Users can also buy and sell stablecoins against other cryptocurrencies, as well as against fiat currencies. This makes it a great tool for hedging against market volatility, as the value of the stablecoin remains constant regardless of the market conditions.

What are the Benefits of Using Stablecoins?

Now we’ve explored what are stablecoins let’s look at some benefits of using stablecoins. These include the following: 

  1. Provides stability for investors: Investors can use stablecoins to gain exposure to new and emerging crypto assets without worrying about price fluctuations. 
  2. Increases trust in cryptocurrencies: By providing a more reliable and consistent value, stablecoins can help increase trust in cryptocurrencies and related ecosystems. 
  3. Facilitates cross-border payments: Stablecoins can facilitate cross-border payments without the need for additional intermediaries.

What are the 4 Main Types of Stablecoins?

There are four types of stablecoins:

1. Fiat-Backed Stablecoins: 

Fiat-backed stablecoins are the best and most popular category of stablecoins. Fiat stablecoins like BUSD, USDC and USDT are in the top 10 cryptos today.

One unit of fiat-backed stablecoin is equal to one U.S Dollar on the blockchain. For each unit issued on the blockchain, the issuing company must have one US Dollar in their bank reserve. 

It must be remembered that fiat-backed stablecoins are not the same as US dollars. They are not legal tender and are not backed by any government. With fiat stablecoins like USDT, issuing companies can lie about their reserves, so it is essential to do your due diligence before investing!

2. Crypto-Collateralized Stablecoins:

As the name suggests, crypto-collateralized stablecoins are backed by one or multiple cryptocurrencies. For example, DAI is backed with USDC, PAX Dollar, Wrapped BTC and ETH. 

Since cryptocurrencies can be highly volatile, crypto-collateralized stablecoins only issue 40-50% of their reserve value. With crypto-collateralized stablecoins, you can verify the transactions and currency reserves of the issuing company.

However, if the value of two cryptos in reserve falls simultaneously, a crypto-collateralized stablecoin can lose its peg.

3. Algorithmic Stablecoins:

An Algorithmic stablecoin does not necessarily hold a reserve fund but maintains its peg using smart contracts.

When demand for an algorithmic stablecoin increase, the smart contract will mint extra tokens to meet the demand. Similarly, when demand decreases, the smart contract will burn tokens to reduce supply.

As we saw with the fall of US Terra, algorithmic stablecoins are still a work in progress. Algorithmic stablecoins are not recommended to use, especially for beginner traders.

4. Commodity-Backed Stablecoins:

These stablecoins are pegged to the price of precious metals or commodities, for example, gold. A famous example of a commodity-backed stablecoin is PAXG, pegged to one ounce of gold in the London market, or $1800.

As with fiat stablecoins, the issuing company must hold the equivalent value of commodities in its reserves before issuing these stablecoins on the blockchain.

By investing them in a lending protocol, you can earn 8-10% APR on your stablecoins.

In the future, stablecoins will be extremely popular, especially fiat-backed stablecoins. They will be used for cross-border transactions and could replace the US Dollar as a trade currency.

Now we know the different types of stablecoins, let’s look at the most popular stablecoin assets available on the cryptocurrency market;

1. Tether (USDT)

USDT is a stablecoin that uses the US Dollar as its reserve currency. It is created and managed by Tether, a company based in the United States. Transactions in USDT are settled through Tethers holdings of US Dollars in bank accounts.

2. USD Coin (USDC)

USD Coin (USDC) is a digital asset created by a consortium of companies led by Circle and Coinbase. It is built on the Ethereum blockchain and backed by a reserve of US dollars in a 1:1 ratio. USDC facilitates secure, fast, and low-cost payments between individuals, businesses, and financial institutions on the Ethereum blockchain.

3. Binance (BUSD)

Binance BUSD is a stablecoin that is pegged to the U.S. dollar. It is issued by Paxos Trust Company and is regulated by the New York State Department of Financial Services. The coin can be used to make payments, and store value, and is accepted by a wide variety of merchants and exchanges.

4. DAI (DAI)

The DAI stablecoin is an ERC20 token that uses the Ethereum network. It functions as a digital asset that is backed by collateral in DAI tokens. The DAI tokens are issued by a self-regulating organization called MakerDAO. 

5. True USD (TUSD)

The True USD token is an ERC20 token issued by TrustToken, a company based in San Francisco. True USD uses the U.S. dollar as its collateral.

6. Paxos Standard (PAX)

The Paxos Standard token is issued by Paxos, a company based in New York. It is an ERC-20 stablecoin operating on the Ethereum blockchain.

FAQs

What are Stablecoins Examples?

Examples of stablecoins include; Tether (USDT), TrueUSD (TUSD), USD Coin (USDC), MakerDAO (DAI), Paxos Standard (PAX), Binance USD (BUSD)

Is Bitcoin a Stablecoin?

No, Bitcoin is not a stablecoin. A stablecoin is a type of cryptocurrency that is designed to maintain a stable value and avoid the volatility of traditional cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin.

Can you Lose Money on Stablecoins?

Yes, you can lose money with stablecoins. Stablecoins are designed to maintain a stable value, but this does not mean that their value cannot change. The value of a stablecoin is linked to an underlying asset, such as a fiat currency or commodity, and changes in the value of this asset can cause the stablecoin to increase or decrease in value. Therefore, it is possible to lose money when investing in stablecoins.

Where Can you Buy Stablecoins?

There are a few different places you can purchase stablecoins. Some exchanges offer them as a trading pair with other crypto assets, while others allow users to buy stablecoins directly with traditional currency.

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